Height : 3 m to 20 m included Origin : East Mediterranean, Caucasus Environment : sunny hill sides, in mixed forests; on well-drained calcareous soils Climate : temperate, warm
Notes : The European Hop Hornbeam is widely diffused in the Mediterranean regions. It grows preferably in mixed forest standings together with the Downy Oak, in a xerophyte, heliophile and termophile. It does not tolerate frost. It can also grow on shallow soil because it’s radical apparatus is quite superficial. It’s rustic and adaptable character is appreciated for planting on road sides and as arboreal barrier.