Perennial Plant Height : 114cm to 197 cm included Origin : Southeastern Europe, Middle East Environment : Hillsides, in full sun Climate : Warm, temperate. Dry
Notes : The Grape Vine (a.k.a. European Vine) was already cultivated by Sumerians 5000 years ago. In Caucasian Europe the plant was cultivated for food, while in Mediterranean Europe it was cultivated for the wine.Today, the original European Vine is almost extinct because of a roots disease. So farmers grafted European Vine into the roots of American Vine, and thanks to this 'surgery' we are still able to drink and enjoy wine today. Spain, France, Italy and Turkey are the nations that dedicate the widest areas to the grape cultivation. 71% of world grape production is used for wine, 27% as fresh fruit, and a small 2% as dried fruit.