Dec 23, 2013
The Sipahis were an élite mounted force within the Six Divisions of Cavalry of the Ottoman Empire.
The Sipahis' status resembled that of
the knights of medieval Europe.
The Sipahi was the holder of a fief of land
( tîmâr; hence the alternative name Tîmârli Sipahi)
granted directly by the Ottoman sultan, and was entitled to
all of the income from that land, in return for military service. The peasants on the land were subsequently