The Nakajima A6M2-N Navy Type 2 Floatplane Fighter Model 11 'Rufe' Interceptor/Fighter-Bomber is a single-crew seaplane based on the A6M Zero Model 11.
The plane was deployed in 1942, referred to as the 'Suisen 2' ('Hydro fighter type 2'), and was only utilized in defensive actions in the Aleutians and Solomon Islands operations. Such seaplanes were effective at night in harassing American PT boats, and they were very difficult to detect, even with primitive radar. Close misses killed officers and crew of boats such as PT 105. They would also drop flares to illuminate the PTs which were vulnerable to destroyer gunfire, and depended on cover of darkness. Since the boats left a phosphorescent wake which was visible from the air, they would leave their engines in idle to minimize this wake. It was primarily for this reason that John F. Kennedy's PT 109 was caught off guard in idle and rammed in a historic incident by the destroyer Amagiri, unable to maneuver out of the way in time.