In her less Amazonian moods, Athene supported domestic, homely pursuits such as agriculture and women's crafts (spinning and weaving). Although a virgin, she was widely worshiped as the goddess of fertility--Mount Olympus had its privileges. Athene bequeathed many inventions and skills to the Greek city-states, including the plow, the flute, shipbuilding, shoe making, the taming of animals. Recently evidence has come to light of a hitherto unknown invention bequeathed to the Greeks but then suddenly withdrawn.
To her namesake city-state, Athens, the goddess awarded the olive tree (foundation for its economic security in the Mediterranean over many centuries). In gratitude, the Athenians built the Parthenon ('parthenos' means maiden or virgin) on the Acropolis, and Phidias sculpted a huge statue of her known as the Palladium--after Pallas, a female playmate whom Athene accidentally killed while engaged in combat training. In remorse, the goddess adopted her ill-fated friend's name. Hence, she is sometimes known as Pallas Athene.