A detailed model of the LCT (Tank Landing Craft) MK-VI as used in D-Day operations by the Allies.
Detailed textures are provided including diffuse, bump maps. Maximum dimension of textures are 2K pixels. Photoshop template files are available for download with the product so you can modify the layered textures to your liking.
After the evacuation from Dunkirk it was seen that the only feasible way for the Allies to fight in Europe was by landing on its beaches. Churchill's suggestion for a boat capable of carrying one or more tanks led to a concerted approach to designs for 'Combined Operations' craft. British constructors met in mid 1940 and drew up designs that led to one of them, Hawthorn Leslie, producing the first 'Tank Landing Craft' in November 1940. This was the LCT Mk I also recorded as 'LCT(1)'.
The LCT was produced in several configurations, the two US ones were the Mark V and Mark VI. LCT Mk Vs had only a bow ramp while LCT Mk VIs had both bow and stern ramps. They were much smaller than the Landing ship, Tank (or LST), a larger amphibious assault ship for landing tanks which was capable of hauling and launching an LCT. They were unarmored and only lightly armed. LCT were not given names, only numbers. A large number were given through lend-lease to the UK and a small number to the USSR.
Besides being used to transport tanks, men or supplies, the LCT was a suitable platform for conversion and were modified for special duties for the invasion of Normandy in June 1944. To provide anti-aircraft protection for the convoys and during the assault itself several LCTs were converted into floating AA batteries, the LCT(4) conversions receiving the new designation LCF(4) 'Landing Craft, Flak' and so forth. Some LCTs were fitted with guns or rockets (the later becoming Landing Craft, Tank (Rocket)) or as repair barges or minesweepers. Twenty-six of them had armor added, making them LCT(A), Landing Craft Tank (Armored) however, this reduced their load from 4 tanks to 3.
An LCT being loaded onto an LST by a crane bargeAfter WWII, the surviving US MK5s were sold off for scrap or for civilian use while the MK6s were redesignated as Utility Landing Ship (LSU) in 1949 and redesignated again as Landing Craft Utility (LCU). Six of them were modified in 1948-49 for Arctic service. After WWII, new craft were built from the Mark V pattern with larger crew quarters. Some of these were later reclassified during the Vietnam War as Harbor Utility Craft (YFU) because they no longer served in an amphibious assault role but were only used in harbor support roles such as transporting goods from supply ships into harbor.
SpecificationsDisplacement: 143 tons (145 t), 309 (314 t) tons (landing) Length: 119 ft (36.3 m) Beam: 32 ft (9.8 m) Draft: 3 ft 7 in (1.1 m) forward, 4 ft (1.2 m) aft (landing) Speed: 8 knots (15 km/h) Armament: 2 x 20 mm Complement: 1 officer, 12 enlisted Capacity: 4 medium or 3 x 50-ton (45 t) tanks; or 150 short tons (136 t) cargo; accommodations for 8 troops 3 Gray 225 hp (168 kilowatt) diesels; triple screws