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A detailed model of the Higgins Boat also known as LCVP (Landing Craft Personal Vehicle), complete with texture sets, all components, cockpit, and landing ramp are parented and pivoted for animation.
All major surface textures are 2052 in greatest dimension. Color, Specular, and Bump maps provided. Cockpit controls have their own textures. Photoshop templates for each detail are available for download.
The Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel (LCVP) or Higgins boat was a landing craft used extensively in World War II. The craft was designed by Andrew Higgins of Louisiana, based on boats made for operating in swamps and marshes. More than 20,000 were built, by Higgins Industries and licensees.
Constructed from plywood, this shallow-draft, barge-like boat could ferry a platoon-sized complement of 36 men to shore at 9 knots (17 km/h). Men generally entered the boat by climbing down a cargo net hung from the side of their troop transport; they exited by charging down the boat's bow ramp.
Andrew Higgins started out in the lumber business, but gradually moved into boatbuilding, which became his sole operation after the lumber transport company he was running went bankrupt in 1930. Fortuitously, the Marine Corps, always interested in finding better ways to get men across a beach in an amphibious landing and frustrated that the Bureau of Construction and Repair could not meet its requirements, began to express interest in Higgins' boat. When tested in 1938 by the Navy and Marine Corps, Higgins' Eureka boat surpassed the performance of the Navy-designed boat and was tested by the services during fleet landing exercises in February 1939. Satisfactory in most respects, the boat's major drawback appeared to be that equipment had to be unloaded, and men disembarked, over the sides-thus exposing them to enemy fire in a combat situation. But it was put into production and service as the Landing Craft, Personnel (Large), or LCP(L). The LCP(L) had two machine gun positions at the bow. The LCP(L) was supplied to the British where it was initially known as the 'R-boat' and used for Commando raids.
The Japanese, however, had been using ramp-bowed landing boats in the Second Sino-Japanese War since the summer of 1937 - boats that had come under intense scrutiny by the Navy and Marine Corps observers at Shanghai in particular. When shown a picture of one of those craft in 1941, Higgins soon thereafter got in touch with his chief engineer, and, after describing the Japanese design over the telephone, told the engineer to have a mock-up built for his inspection upon his return to New Orleans.
Within one month, tests of the ramp-bow Eureka boat in Lake Pontchartrain showed conclusively that successful operation of such a boat was feasible. This became the Landing Craft, Personnel (Ramped) LCP(R). The machine gun positions were still at the front of the boat but closer to the side to give access between them to the ramp. The design was still not ideal as the ramp was a bottleneck for the troops as was the case with the British Landing Craft Assault of the year before.
The next step was to fit a full width ramp. Now troops could leave en masse and a small vehicle such as a Jeep could be carried and it became the LCVP (Landing Craft, Vehicle, Personnel), or simply, the 'Higgins Boat'. the machine gun positions were moved to the rear of the boat.